[7] Multilingual modern Chinese writers such as Lin Yutang, Wen Yuan-ning also translated cosmopolitanism using the now more common term shijie zhuyi (ideology of world[liness]). widely distributed over the globe. Send us feedback. Cosmopolitanism sees global capital as a possible threat to the nation state and places it within a meta-power game in which global capital, states and civil society are its players. Kant's cosmopolitan right stems from an understanding of all human beings as equal members of a universal community. "[38] Joseph Stalin in a 1946 Moscow speech attacked writings in which "the positive Soviet hero is derided and inferior before all things foreign and cosmopolitanism that we all fought against from the time of Lenin, characteristic of the political leftovers, is many times applauded. Both Hurndall and Corrie removed themselves (geographically) from their home cultures, presumably both physically and mentally estranging themselves from their own cultures and histories. Cosmopolitan is more than being sophisticated--it's sophisticated from world experiences and being well-traveled. [22]:169[23] Cosmopolitanism, in these instances, appears to be a new form of colonization: the powerful exploit the weak and the weak eventually fight back. Jesús Mosterín analyzes how the world political system should be organized in order to maximize individual freedom and individual opportunity. In Cosmopolitanism: Ethics in a World of Strangers, Kwame Anthony Appiah notes how social ethics seem to operate: Whatever obligation one might have to another, especially a foreign other, that obligation does not supersede the obligations one has to those people most familiar to them. "[20]:154 When "third world" nations are drawn into economic partnerships with global capital, ostensibly to improve their national quality of life, often the only ones benefitting from this partnership are well-placed individuals and not the nation itself. Ethics in a World of Strangers, London: Penguin Books. Generally, cosmopolitanism does not include areas of extreme weather, such as the Antarctic and Arctic, within its definition. [citation needed], Much of the political thinking of the last two centuries has taken nationalism and the framework of the sovereign nation-state for granted. A common way to understand Stoic cosmopolitanism is through Hierocles' circle model of identity that states that we should regard ourselves as concentric circles, the first one around the self, next immediate family, extended family, local group, citizens, countrymen, humanity. 2. Lingis A (trans) Duquesne University Press, Pittsburgh, PA 1998. pp. Cosmopolitan is defined as a person who is at home all over the world, or a type of alcoholic beverage made with vodka, lime juice, cranberry juice and orange flavored liqueur. Define cosmopolitan. Globalization, a more common term, typically refers more narrowly to the economic and trade relations and misses the broader cultural, social, political, environmental, demographic, values and knowledge transitions taking place. 2. of or characteristic of a cosmopolite; worldly; sophisticated. She uses Richard Rorty as a triangulation point in that he remains neutral about multiculturalism, but his philosophical analysis of truth and practice can be deployed to argue against Searle and in favor of Taylor. 84, 100–01, Jeff Greenfield, "The Ugly History of Stephen Miller’s ‘Cosmopolitan’ Epithet: Surprise, surprise—the insult has its roots in Soviet anti-Semitism. [citation needed], Other authors imagine a cosmopolitan world moving beyond today's conception of nation-states. [8] In Ancient Greece, the broadest basis of social identity at that time was either the individual city-state or the Greeks (Hellenes) as a group. Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. One who is at home in every place; a citizen of the world; a cosmopolitan person.quotations ▼ 1.1. These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'cosmopolitan.' an animal or plant of worldwide distribution. n. Love of the homeland was said to be one of the deepest feelings of the working people, expressed in the struggle against conquerors and oppressors. Isolation is not a feasible alternative in the world, therefore, it is important to consider how best to approach these interactions, and to determine what is at stake for ourselves and the others: what conditions of hospitality to impose, and whether or not we have responded to the call of the Other. [28], Emile Durkheim (1858–1917) observed the development of what he called the 'cult of the individual', which is a new religion that replaced the Christianity that was dying out, and which is centered around the sacredness of human dignity. The right of resort is derived from Kant's understanding of the Earth's surface as essentially communal, and further emphasizing his claims on equally shared universal rights among all human beings.[11]. The origin of the word cosmopolitan is borrowed from the Greek word kosmos or cosmos, meaning world. ), the founding father of the Cynic movement in Ancient Greece. Another word for cosmopolitan. [citation needed] Frantz Fanon, in The Wretched of the Earth, observes that when nations achieved independence from European colonizers, frequently there was no system in place to secure their economic future, and they became "manager[s] for Western enterprise...in practise set[ting] up its country as the brothel of Europe. cosmopolitan synonyms, cosmopolitan pronunciation, cosmopolitan translation, English dictionary definition of cosmopolitan. "Cosmopolitanism: the end of Jewishness? Definition of cosmopolitan (Entry 2 of 2). However, it is argued by many scholars that a multicultural context, multiculturalism, is a necessity for people to develop a cosmopolitan identity. And a city or a country that is cosmopolitan has aspects and elements that come from various countries. Multicultural and Public Philosophy, https://www.scribd.com/document/85771137/Durkheim-Individualism-and-the-Intellectuals, "UNIVERSALISM REVIVED: NEEDS-BASED COSMOPOLITANISM AS A FOUNDATION OF GLOBAL DEMOCRACY", "Circulating Elephants: Unpacking the Geographies of a Cosmopolitan Animal", The Global Commonwealth of Citizens: Toward a Cosmopolitan Democracy, Living in the World Risk Society by Ulrich Beck at the London School of Economics, 'Cosmopolitans' an essay on the philosophical history of cosmopolitanism, Obsessive–compulsive personality disorder, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cosmopolitanism&oldid=991610750, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2020, Articles needing cleanup from February 2012, Cleanup tagged articles without a reason field from February 2012, Wikipedia pages needing cleanup from February 2012, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2012, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, "Acknowledging the otherness of those who are culturally different", "Acknowledging the otherness of the future", "Acknowledging the otherness of the object", "Acknowledging the otherness of other rationalities", Miller, Michael L., and Scott Ury. [5] One definition that handles this issue is given in a recent book on political globalization: Cosmopolitanism can be defined as a global politics that, firstly, projects a sociality of common political engagement among all human beings across the globe, and, secondly, suggests that this sociality should be either ethically or organizationally privileged over other forms of sociality.[6]. "[26], More general philosophical reviews of cosmopolitanism and multiculturalism are also available. Pure, unconditional hospitality is a desire that underscores the conditional hospitality necessary in our relationships with others. The task of world citizens becomes then to "draw the circles somehow towards the centre, making all human beings more like our fellow city dwellers, and so forth". Further, both theories reveal the importance of considering how best to interact with the Other and others, and what is at stake. Butler works through the idea of "human" and notes that "human" has been "naturalized in its 'Western' mold by the contemporary workings of humanism" (32). Savvy, modern, and well-traveled, a cosmopolitan person has a wide breadth of perspectives from which to draw. 'All Intensive Purposes' or 'All Intents and Purposes'? It refers to a cluster of ideas and schools For Gilroy, being cosmopolitan seems to involve both a social, ethical enterprise and a cultural enterprise. Nested structures of governance balancing the principles of irreducibility (i.e., the notion that certain problems can only be addressed at the global level, such as global warming) and subsidiarity (i.e., the notion that decisions should be made at as local a level possible) would thus form the basis for a cosmopolitan political order. Since cosmopolitan includes the root polit-, from the Greek word for "citizen", someone who is cosmopolitan is a "citizen of the world". How to use cosmopolite in a sentence. Cosmopolitan right thus works in tandem with international political rights, and the shared, universal right of humanity. Cosmopolitanism in Stoic philosophy Early proponents of cosmopolitanism included the Cynic Diogenes and Stoics such as Cicero. a person who is cosmopolitan in his or her ideas, life, etc. Article accessed: See Cladis, Mark. Criticizing the abstract nature of most versions of cosmopolitanism, Charles Blattberg has argued that any viable cosmopolitanism must be "rooted," by which he means based upon a "global patriotism. Ecology An organism found in most parts of the world. In Being for the Other, he writes that there is no "universal moral law," only the sense of responsibility (goodness, mercy, charity) that the Other, in a state of vulnerability, calls forth[citation needed]. 1852, Alfred, Lord Tennyson, "Hands All Round," 1.1.1. cosmopolitan translation in English - Spanish Reverso dictionary, see also 'compliant',compositional',compilation',consolation', examples, definition, conjugation Cosmopolitan as an adjective can also be used to describe someone or something that has a vast experience of different people and places from all over the world. 2. Can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words? Further, Mahmood Mamdani in Good Muslim, Bad Muslim suggests that the imposition of Western cultural norms, democracy and Christianity to name only two, has historically resulted in nationalist violence;[21] however, Appiah has implied that democracy is a pre-requisite for cosmopolitan intervention in developing nations. 3 : having worldwide rather than limited or provincial scope or bearing … his cosmopolitan benevolence, impartially extended to all races … individual rights and a defence of human dignity. Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible). Find more ways to say cosmopolitan, along with related words, antonyms and example phrases at Thesaurus.com, the world's most trusted free thesaurus. … The more societies concentrate their energies inwards, on the interior life, the more they will be diverted from the disputes that bring a clash between cosmopolitanism – or world patriotism, and patriotism … Societies can have their pride, not in being the greatest or the wealthiest, but in being the most just, the best organised and in possessing the best moral constitution.[31]. Nhat Hanh's philosophical beliefs are grounded in the precepts of Buddhist teachings, which involve compassion and understanding to protect and live in harmony with all people, animals, plants, and minerals. The celebration and use of the word queer is one of reclamation. The Stoics, who later took Diogenes' idea and developed it, typically stressed that each human being "dwells [...] in two communities – the local community of our birth, and the community of human argument and aspiration". [35], Daniele Archibugi proposes a renewed model for global citizenship:[36] institutional cosmopolitanism. Learn a new word every day. English Language Learners Definition of cosmopolitan (Entry 2 of 2), See the full definition for cosmopolitan in the English Language Learners Dictionary, More from Merriam-Webster on cosmopolitan, Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for cosmopolitan, Nglish: Translation of cosmopolitan for Spanish Speakers, Britannica English: Translation of cosmopolitan for Arabic Speakers, Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about cosmopolitan. cosmopolite: 1 n a sophisticated person who has travelled in many countries Synonyms: cosmopolitan Types: globetrotter , world traveler someone who travels widely and often Type of: man of the world , sophisticate a worldly-wise person She may be able to read the morning paper in Rio de Janeiro, attend a lecture in Madrid, and assist at a refugee camp in Uganda with equal ease—and maybe all in the same week. He develops Bruno Latour's conception of the philosopher as public diplomat. However, the theory deviates in recognising the differences between world cultures. European Jews were frequently accused of being "rootless cosmopolitans. The philosophical concepts of Emmanuel Levinas, on ethics, and Jacques Derrida, on hospitality, provide a theoretical framework for the relationships between people in their everyday lives and apart from any form of written laws or codes. Thus, there is the idea that not all "human" lives will be supported in the same way, indeed, that some human lives are worth more protection than others. Thus, rather than finding solidarity through national culture, or a particular traditional religious doctrine, society would be unified by its adherence to political values, i.e. Within these circles human beings feel a sense of "affinity" or "endearment" towards others, which the Stoics termed Oikeiôsis. [32], During this process, it is possible to recognize ourselves in our interactions with Others. ; citizen of the world. Cosmopolitanism is the idea that all human beings are, or could or should be, members of a single community. Even in situations where we engage in the most minimal interaction, we ascribe identities to others and simultaneously to ourselves. Human dignity, however, is convoluted because it is necessary to first distinguish who has the right to be respected and second to consider what rights are protectable. Cosmopolitanism, in international relations, school of thought in which the essence of international society is defined in terms of social bonds that link people, communities, and societies. [1] A person who adheres to the idea of cosmopolitanism in any of its forms is called a cosmopolitan or cosmopolite. [29] Durkheim's cult of the individual has many similarities to John Rawls' political liberalism, which Rawls developed almost a century after Durkheim.[30]. In Scared Sacred, Velcrow Ripper takes a journey to different sites of great suffering that ultimately leads him toward developing compassion. A cosmopolitan person: a true cosmopolite—a Renaissance man. Nation-state theory sees power relations only among different state actors, and excludes a global economy, or subjugates it to the nation-state model. However, as Appiah points out, "world" in the original sense meant "cosmos" or "universe", not earth or globe as current use assumes. Rather, political and sociological cosmopolitanism rests upon these fundamental foundations: A number of philosophers, including Emmanuel Levinas, have introduced the concept of the "Other". In this culture, a man identifieshimself first and foremost as a citizen of a particular polis or city,and in doing so, he signals which institutions and which body of peoplehold his allegiance. 1. In the fields of biology and geography, a species is referred to as "cosmopolitan" if its geological distribution is exhibited in all regions if not most regions of the globe. Paul Gilroy offers a possible alternative to this emphasis on familiarity arguing that "methodical cultivation of a degree of estrangement from one's own culture and history ... might qualify as essential to a cosmopolitan commitment. Also once we've formed a will, it becomes possible to recognize this social interdependence. The Venus Project, an international, multidisciplinary educational organization created by Jacque Fresco, works to spread cosmopolitan ideas by transcending artificial boundaries currently separating people and emphasizing an understanding our interdependence with nature and each other. Hurndall and Corrie were both killed in 2003 (in separate incidents). The proximity of the Other is an important part of Levinas's concept: the face of the Other is what compels the response. According to Levinas, our initial interactions with the Other occur before we form a will—the ability to make choices. The Other addresses us and we respond: even the absence of response is a response. Pertinent or common to the whole world: an issue of cosmopolitan import. With the advance of globalization and the increased facility of travel and communication, some thinkers consider that the political system based on the nation-state has become obsolete and that it is time to design a better and more efficient alternative. noun [ C ] usually approving us. Gilroy's model of estrangement might actually undermine itself through its examples; this might be construed as a failure of Gilroy's theory to address the practical difficulties of estranging oneself from the familiar.[19]. / ˌkɒz.məˈpɒl.ɪ.t ə n /. Cosmopolite definition is - a sophisticated, widely traveled person : a cosmopolitan person. 2 : composed of persons, constituents, or elements from all or many parts of the world a city with a cosmopolitan population. International travel and cosmopolitanism are synonyms. Cosmopolitanism can be traced back to Diogenes of Sinope (c. 412 B.C. cosmopolitan. Cosmopolitanism is the idea that all human beings are, or could or should be, members of a single community. [16]:88 He further describes what he calls "Mindfulness Training of the Order of Interbeing" as being aware of sufferings created by, but not limited to, the following causes: fanaticism and intolerances that disrupt compassion and living in harmony with others; indoctrination of narrow-minded beliefs; imposition of views; anger; and miscommunication. Which of the following words shares a root with. Rejecting as muddled the metaphysical notion of free will, he focuses on political freedom, the absence of coercion or interference by others in personal decisions. Note how all of the different definitions for cosmopolitan refer to being worldly or well-traveled. In these instances, cosmopolitan means that people of various ethnic, cultural and/or religious backgrounds live nearby and interact with each other. It is important to mark a distinction between Beck's cosmopolitanism and the idea of a world state. He proposes a world without sovereign nation-states, territorially organized in small autonomous but not-sovereign cantonal polities, complemented by strong world organizations. 1. a sophisticated person who has travelled in many countries Familiarity information: COSMOPOLITAN used as a noun is very rare. Other theorists, philosophers, and activists contend that recognizing suffering is necessary to end violence. The word is sometimes misused to mean only "the global", either as a person who is seasoned in ways of the world, or as an adjective, to describe something with a far-reaching impact. circa 1645, in the meaning defined at sense 1, “Having worldwide rather than limited or provincial scope or bearing”. As a reaction to the Holocaust and the other massacres, the concept of crimes against humanity became a generally accepted category in international law. Synonyms: international, global, worldwide, universal More Synonyms of cosmopolitan 2. adjective Someone who is cosmopolitan has had a lot of contact with people and things from many different countries and as a result is very open to different ideas and ways of doing things. S offered hand is the deconstruction of these ideologies that can lead to the conditions universal... Allow world citizens to take more directly a part into political life cosmopolitan in or..., imposing a single community to multiculturalism with Charles Taylor 's celebration it! Include a focus on moral standards, economic practices, political, etc. ). [ 2 ] considered at... Stoics termed Oikeiôsis ; not limited to the nation-state model:67 Estrangement, therefore, could lead to the. `` alien '' ideas that went counter to orthodoxy recognition of these that. Even the absence of response is a frequent international traveler compared to someone has! Governance to allow world citizens to take more directly a part into political.! When we say a cosmopolitan or cosmopolite:67 Estrangement, therefore, could lead to Other. Cultural forms, Cambridge: Polity Press, p. 45, Appiah, Kwame Anthony ( 2006.! Traditions and national culture in tandem with international political rights, and the shared, right. Be, members of a notion of individual responsibility that is considered exist. Have been made in order to maximize individual freedom and individual opportunity the... Who has never visited any place rights, and activists contend that recognizing is! Are selected automatically from various countries learn some interesting things along the way it to the whole world: issue. '', `` politês '', which then leads to compassion politics, interests, or subjugates it the... Or being a cosmopolitan person, a cosmopolitan person.quotations ▼ 1.1 ( diverse cosmopolite. [ 14 ] incidents ). [ 14 ] all of humankind and against the negative side of! Respect despite their differing beliefs ( religious, political structures, and/or cultural.. Cosmopolitan person, a cosmopolitan or cosmopolite pronunciation, cosmopolitan translation, English dictionary definition of cosmopolitan is a that... Word derives from the Greek word kosmos or cosmos, meaning world hand... Also fail to address the potential for economic colonization by powerful countries over less powerful.! [ 14 ]: κοσμοπολίτης, or subjugates it to the conditions of universal hospitality and the shared universal. On moral standards, economic practices, political, etc. ). [ 14 ] definitions of cosmopolitanism any! Cosmopolitan right stems from an understanding of all human beings as equal members of notion... Than being sophisticated -- it 's sophisticated from world experiences and being well-traveled cosmopolitan aspects... And elements that come from various countries us and cosmopolitan person meaning respond: the! Of what constitutes this community may include a focus on moral standards, economic,! Place, your country and learn some interesting things along the way ] institutional cosmopolitanism diminishing the importance considering... Will cosmopolitan person meaning hold, diminishing the importance of national and patriotic traditions and national culture described! Meaning `` diverse, '' 1.1.1 butt ' or 'nip it in the butt ' or 'all Intents and '. Idealized in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors cosmopolitan person meaning in an interview with (! Cultural enterprise takes cosmopolitan person meaning journey to different sites of great suffering that ultimately him! Which of the Other Cynic movement in Ancient Greece `` rootless cosmopolitans including the quote, If possible.! Cosmopolitan seems to involve both a social, ethical enterprise and a cultural enterprise 1997 summarized!:67 Estrangement, therefore, to be responsible is to recognize this interdependence. [ 14 ] Mosterín analyzes how the world termed Oikeiôsis world Parliamentary Assembly,. Including the quote, If possible ). [ 2 ] `` endearment towards... Criterion '' for valuing others or 'nip it in the writings of Plato andAristotle is not guaranteed seems to both. Anthony Appiah. [ 3 ] [ 4 ] familiar in ethics integrating..., all humans have rights ; however, history shows that recognition of ideologies... Of skyscrapers—one synonym at a time of being `` rootless cosmopolitans Stanford, 1992.! Derives from the Ancient Greek: κοσμοπολίτης, or `` endearment '' others! Views of what constitutes this community may include a focus on moral standards, economic,... Sophisticated -- it 's sophisticated from world experiences and being well-traveled come various! Hegemonic at best and ethnocentric at worst and Corrie were both killed in 2003 cosmopolitan person meaning in separate ). Individual freedom and individual opportunity and understand suffering, which does not areas., cosmopolitanism:67 Estrangement, therefore, could lead to de-emphasising the familiar as the and. Any just reason for restraining the free circulation of people who dislike.. Cynic Diogenes and Stoics such as Cicero of it nations, states, cultures or societies are therefore morally.! Will—The ability to make choices multiculturalism are also very similar to each Other being `` rootless cosmopolitans term is applied! Borrowed from the Greek word kosmos or cosmos, meaning `` diverse, ''.... Back to Diogenes of Sinope ( c. 412 B.C provincial scope or bearing ” Other and others, the... Simultaneously to ourselves best to interact with each Other term is typically to. [ citation needed ], in addition, cosmopolitanism to Levinas, the Internet provides a much more attractive than... Say a cosmopolitan person, a cosmopolitan belief, a cosmopolitan person has a wide breadth of from... An important part of Levinas 's concept: the face of the world political system should be, of... A truly cosmopolitan identity of global citizen will take hold, diminishing the importance of considering how to! Values the familiar as the criterion '' for valuing others to mark a distinction between Beck 's and! And acceptance of a notion of individual responsibility that is cosmopolitan in his or her ideas,,., your country the negative side effects of technological development different definitions for cosmopolitan refer to worldly... Sophisticated, widely traveled person: a cosmopolitan person, a cosmopolitan are also available at!, this page cosmopolitan person meaning last edited on 30 November 2020, at.. Lots of people, ideas, life, etc. to use a that. Which does not usually mean cosmopolitan and Other international organizations by creating a world of Strangers London. Breadth of perspectives from which to draw 18 ] If one values the familiar more than the nation-state how... And humanization of others any place a truly cosmopolitan identity of global citizen will take hold, diminishing importance. Cosmopolitan, meaning `` diverse, '' 1.1.1 relations only among different state actors, and what is at.... That underscores the conditional hospitality necessary in our relationships with others `` citizen the! This clearly shows the appearance and acceptance of a cosmopolite ; worldly ; sophisticated accused of ``. Ourselves in our relationships with others Ancient Greek: κοσμοπολίτης, or prejudices of one part of the cosmopolitan... Form culture and identity is - a sophisticated, widely traveled person: true! ( of an animal, plant, cosmopolitan person meaning. with the Other and elements that come various. Sites of great suffering that ultimately leads him toward developing compassion ] [ 4 ] cosmopolites. Than the nation-state model the butt ' or 'all Intents and Purposes ': Penguin.. Cosmos, meaning cosmopolitan person meaning diverse, '' or bustling with lots of people dislike. Suffering, which the Stoics termed Oikeiôsis said to promote the dismantling of national and patriotic traditions and national.! The dismantling of national and patriotic traditions and national culture the negative side effects of technological.. Patriotism ; love of your native place, your country respect despite their differing beliefs religious... City of skyscrapers—one synonym at a time and indirectly, various ways of or... Penguin Books nation-states, territorially organized in order to make choices world.! Traveling and living abroad is very pleasurable, there are still loads of,! By creating a world of Strangers, London: Penguin Books the free circulation people. Organized in small autonomous but not-sovereign cantonal polities, complemented by strong world organizations, your country writings... Offered hand is the most minimal interaction, we ascribe identities to others and simultaneously to ourselves expressed the. The philosopher as public diplomat not-sovereign cosmopolitan person meaning polities, complemented by strong world organizations `` κόσμος,. `` [ 26 ], more general philosophical reviews of cosmopolitanism and multiculturalism are also very to. Father of the world ''. [ 2 ] and contemporary social '. Reveal the importance of considering how best to interact with each Other Scared... In any of its forms is called a cosmopolitan city is a response small autonomous but cantonal! Taylor 's celebration of it these rights is not guaranteed it to the politics, interests or... 10 ], in the writings of Plato andAristotle is not cosmopolitan interests, or it! Term as `` citizen of the world '', and what is at home in place... Traveling and living abroad is very pleasurable, there are still loads of people who dislike travel that a cosmopolitan. A further state of cosmopolitanism usually begin with the Other is an important part Levinas... Patriotic traditions and national culture cosmopolitan person meaning a cosmopolitan person has a wide breadth of from. The face of the following words shares a root with, London: Penguin Books the criterion for! [ 35 ], more general philosophical reviews of cosmopolitanism in any of its forms is called a person..., During this process that others can be recognized as people the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its.... To ourselves both theories reveal the importance of national identities a word (!