Photograph by James Solomon, USDA Forest Service, www.forestryimages.org. Insects that Feed on Trees and Shrubs. Orton, one of the few publicly supported ornamental plant breeders in the US, began his breeding program trying to increase the vigor of the dogwood to make it less susceptible to dogwood borer. Adult female dogwood borer, Synanthedon scitula (Harris). 2003. 1985. ssp. Leaf miner, gall midge and scale are less serious potential insect pests. Snow et al. Daughtrey, M.L., C.R. Natural predators that eat larvae and pupae include woodpeckers and nuthatches. Dogwood Borer: The dogwood borer (Synanthedon scitula) is the larva (immature form) of a clearwing moth that resembles a wasp. The larvae crawl under the bark and feed on the living tissue of the tree, causing a loss of vigor and eventual death. Scientific Name COFOR Cornus foemina Mill. Common Name: Cottonwood borer Scientific Name: Plectrodera scalator Fabricius Order: Coleoptera Description: Adult beetles can be found on and around host plants during the summer. Still it is beneficial to know the common name of all garden plants. Insecticides with more residual activity (long lasting effect) are being applied on the lower trunk and burr knots. Dogwood is a small broadleaf shrub, typically found growing along woodland edges and in hedgerows of southern England. Adult male dogwood borer, Synanthedon scitula (Harris). Various colors commonly associated with this Moth. The borers can become established only if they locate a wound or opening in the bark. [1] In the woodworking industry, larval stages of some are sometimes referred to as woodworms. Asia, Africa, North, South and Central America, the Caribbean, Europe, Oceania. ), pines (Pinus spp. They are large (1 1/4 inch long), robust Life history. Other damaging insects include flatheaded borers (Chrysobothris azurea and Agrilus cephalicus), dogwood twig borer (Oberea tripunctata), the twig girdler (Oncideres cingulata), scurfy scale (Chionaspis lintneri), and dogwood scale (C. corni) (1). It is also an important pest of many other ornamental, fruit, and nut trees. Solomon, J.D. Genus Common Names = Dogwood Number of Taxa in the Cornus Genus = 52 List of Dogwood Shrubs, Cornus Genus - All known species, taxa on Earth, organized by scientific Latin botanical name first and common names second. Discrimination by male dogwood borer. Other symptoms include sawdust-like frass being pushed out of the burrows, and leaves turning red prematurely. Infested parts appear swollen, knotty, calloused or gall-like. Larvae: Larvae are cream-colored with reddish-brown heads. Symptoms of … Scientific Name: Ergates spiculatus neomexicanus Casey Order: Coleoptera (Beetles) Family: Cerambycidae (Longhorned Beetles) Identification and Descriptive Features: The ponderous borer is an extremely large beetle, ranging from 45-60 mm length, with an elongated body form. Photo by J.A. By submitting images to us (ButterflyIdentification.org) you acknowledge that you have read and understoof our. The dogwood borer is the larva (Synanthedon scitula) of a small moth that infests the dogwood's bark. Although it received its scientific name (Oberea tripunctata) in 1787, that name was inadvertently given to a second beetle (the Raspberry cane girdler) in 1847, and the two beetles shared it until someone caught the mistake 30 years later (there’s also a Dogwood borer that’s a moth). Common Name of Dogwood in Other Languages Common name of garden plants in different languages is different. (1989) reported that a 50:50 blend of ( Z , Z )-3,13-ODDA and ( Z , Z )- Agriculture Handbook 706. Journal of Arboriculture 17: 29-31. Easily grown in average, medium moisture, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. The Dogwood tree borer’s name is a study in confusion. The common name is widely used everywhere. Stressed trees may become vulnerable to borers. The Canadian Entomologist 135: 615-635. 1985). In the process, twigs and branches die -- sometimes the entire dogwood succumbs. Insects/diseases: Flowering dogwood is susceptible to many insects, including the dogwood borer, flat-headed borer, dogwood twig borer, twig girdler, and dogwood scale . 1995. Figure 5: Dogwood borer adult. The dogwood twig borer, Obrea tripunctata, is in the order Coleoptera and family Cerambycidae. Feeding is mostly confined to the burr knot but once the burr knot area is consumed, it moves to the adjacent areas. Figure 3. Family Name: Cornaceae Resources Chapter from my PhD Thesis Notes from the Eclectic Physicians Dogwood Chapter from my PhD Part Used: Bark Chemical Constituents: Significant phytochemicals include betulinic acid, gallic acide, tannin, and verbanalin. The clearwing borers of Florida. Damage caused by the dogwood borer, Synanthedon scitula (Harris). This is a good specimen tree for a location with acidic soil and afternoon shade. (45) Photo: John Davidson Pupal skin of dogwood borer protruding from trunk. Swederus, 1787. 1991. 1991. 1985. Common Name Rice white stem borer Scientific Name Scirpophaga innotata. ), and elm (Ulmus spp.). Adults are swift flyers and most active at dawn and twilight (Anonymous 2000). Trees need to be maintained healthy, and dead or cankered branches should be removed. Preventive measures are important to circumvent dogwood borer damage. https://www.canr.msu.edu/ipm/diseases/dogwood_borer. Cornus is a genus of about 30–60 species of woody plants in the family Cornaceae, commonly known as dogwoods, which can generally be distinguished by their blossoms, berries, and distinctive bark. It gains access through wounds or cracks, gorging on the cambium. These were later sent to the Division of Plant Industry and identified by the senior author as Heterobostrychus aequalis(Waterhouse), a species not previously known to be established in the United States (Fisher 1950). Neal JW. Dogwood family (Cornaceae) An older scientific name for this species is Cornus asperifolia, which accounts for. Dogwood Borer Moth (Synanthedon scitula: Sesiidae) Adult 8-12 mm long. Britton, M Adult borers appear in early June. Damage caused by clearwing moth larvae. Adults are bluish-black with a yellow band on the second and fourth abdominal segments. More than one generation per year (multivoltine) may occur in Georgia (Snow et al. Eggs hatch in about eight to nine days and larvae enter the bark wounds and form large feeding galleries. flowering dogwood, Cornus florida Scientific Name Cornus is from the word cornu which means “horn” and refers to the hard wood; florida is from the Latin flos, which means “flower” or “flowery” in reference to the showy flowers. O. tripunctata. Adults are cylindrical, with a black head, wing covers, and abdomen. This species Dark green leaves, 3 to 6 inches long, turn an attractive red in fall. It takes approximately a year for larvae to pass through seven instars (Bergh and Leskey 2003, Neal 1984). Despite its common name, its larvae have catholic tastes and are at home on a variety of woody plants including plum, viburnum, willow, mulberry, elm, laurel, dogwood, fruit Bronze birch borer is not known to be present outside its native range in North America. Photograph by University of Florida. In the spring, larvae construct dark brown cocoon of silk and frass near the surface for pupation. Photo by J.A. The dogwood borer (Synanthedon scitula) is a noteworthy pest of cultivated flowering dogwood. Pupae: The light brown pupae are 10 mm (2/5 inch) long and inside a cocoon made of silken thread and frass fragments. Larvae grow to a size of over 15 mm (0.6 inch) when fully grown. Mature trees can grow to 10m. Distribution Worldwide in the tropics. Cornus Florida, or Flowering Dogwood, is a small, deciduous, flowering tree that may grow 15 to 25 feet tall and 4 to 6 inches in diameter.Occasionally, it will reach a height of 40 feet with a trunk diameter of 12 to 18 inches. Scientific Name. Bergh JC, Leskey TC, Zhang A. Eggs: Eggs are small (0.6 x 0.4 mm = 0.02 x 0.02 inch), oval, and marked with hexagonal pattern of slightly raised lines. Laying sites, especially by lawn mowers must be avoided is more common in warmer southern! 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