The Greeks and Romans developed polytheism to a highly structured pantheon of gods and goddesses. Muhammad began teaching what he had learned from God, and the community began to follow him because he led by example from what he believed he had learned. The school of religious history called the Religionsgeschichtliche Schule, a late 19th-century German school of thought, originated the systematic study of religion as a socio-cultural phenomenon. The earliest records of Indian religion are the Vedas, composed ca. [2], The concept of "religion" was formed in the 16th and 17th centuries,[3][4] despite the fact that ancient sacred texts like the Bible, the Quran, and others did not have a word or even a concept of religion in the original languages and neither did the people or the cultures in which these sacred texts were written. Intellectual historian Peter Watson has summarized this period as the foundation time of many of humanity's most influential philosophical traditions, including monotheism in Persia and Canaan, Platonism in Greece, Buddhism and Jainism in India, and Confucianism and Taoism in China. Origin Greek Orthodox religion - When did it begin? By the time that writing had developed, many religions had been in place for many millennia and the details of their origins had been forgotten. When religion developed in Mesopotamia is unknown, but the first written records of religious practice date to c. 3500 BCE from Sumer. c. 40 - 90 AD: The New Testament is written by the followers of Jesus Christ. 1500-1200 Hinduism during the Vedic Period. c. 1200 BC: Time of Moses, the Hebrew leader of the Exodus. During a period of about 1500 years, God revealed what became the Old Testament of the Bible, relating the history of Israel with the character and laws of God. From this point in history, God began revealing Himself to the world through the nation of Israel. c. 1100 - 500 BC: Hindus compile their holy texts, the Vedas. From this point in history, God began revealing Himself to the world through the nation of Israel. • Religion is a cultural system of designated behaviors and practices, morals, worldviews, texts, sanctified places, prophecies, ethics, or organizations, that relates humanity to supernatural, transcendental, or spiritual elements. Generally, pantheism is the principle that god is everything, and everything is god. Archaeologists take apparent intentional burials of early Homo sapiens from as early as 300,000 years ago as evidence of religious ideas. [5][6], The word religion as used in the 21st century does not have an obvious pre-colonial translation into non-European languages. From what I can gather, religion in all probability began because humans found themselves faced with death and the futility of being born only to die and wondered why this was so. This table indicates the approximate date each of the twelve major world religions began, along with the traditional dates for the birth and death of its founder (if applicable). Mohammed created a religion fashioned after Judaism, about which he had a moderate knowledge. Learn more about Protestantism in this article. As it percolated through society, amplified and disseminated by the filter of written philosophical tradition, the recognition of nature’s regularity is the only real candidate for the catalyst behind that change. Mankind is no different than any other animal. Wars of religion broke out, culminating in the Thirty Years War which ravaged central Europe between 1618 and 1648. The Pyramid Texts from ancient Egypt, the oldest known religious texts in the world, date to between 2400-2300 BCE.[12][13]. The Jewish Scriptures record the journey of the Israelites from slaves in Egypt to the "promised land" in Canaan under the leadership of Moses. Monotheism reached definite forms in Christian Christology and in Islamic Tawhid., Thousands of African people are converted to Christianity every day and in Nigeria about 20 new religious sects or groups come into being every month. This period of religious history begins with the invention of writing about 5,220 years ago (3200 BC). The site, abandoned around the time the first agricultural societies started, is still being excavated and analyzed, and thus might shed light on the significance it had had for the religions of older, foraging communities, as well as for the general history of religions. The earliest archeological evidence of religious ideas dates back several hundred thousand years to the Middle and Lower Paleolithic periods. How the Great Religions Began (A Dodd, Mead quality paperback) [Gaer, Joseph] on Scientists[which?] Origin of Religion - Monotheism The origin of religion and monotheistic systems: Monotheism (a belief in one God) is the foundation of the Judeo-christian-muslim line of religions, which began with a man named Abraham in about 2000 BC. Religion is considered to be one of the cultural universals, a trait common to all human cultures worldwide right throughout the history of humanity. Origin of Religion - Polytheism It seems certain that religions, like other social forms, evolve: that is to say they arise from modifications of earlier forms. However, there is speculation that the first religions were a response to human fear. World religions of the present day established themselves throughout Eurasia during the Middle Ages by: During the Middle Ages, Muslims came into conflict with Zoroastrians during the Islamic conquest of Persia (633-654); Christians fought against Muslims during the Byzantine-Arab Wars (7th to 11th centuries), the Crusades (1095 onward), the Reconquista (718-1492), the Ottoman wars in Europe (13th century onwards) and the Inquisition; Shamanism was in conflict with Buddhists, Taoists, Muslims and Christians during the Mongol invasions (1206-1337); and Muslims clashed with Hindus and Sikhs during the Muslim conquest of the Indian subcontinent (8th to 16th centuries). View L2 HOW WORLD RELIGIONS BEGAN.pptx from HISTORY N/A at Sacred Heart Academy. Meanwhile, religious scholar Max Müller (1823-1900) theorized that religion began in hedonism and folklorist Wilhelm Mannhardt (1831-1880) suggested that religion began in "naturalism" – by which he meant mythological explanation of natural events. The ancient polytheistic belief systems viewed gods as being in control of all natural events such as rainfall, harvests and fertility. The history of religion refers to the written record of human religious feelings, thoughts, and ideas. Nobody knows with accuracy how the first religions evolved. Other evidence of religious ideas includes symbolic artifacts from Middle Stone Age sites in Africa. The "history of religions" school sought to account for this religious diversity by connecting it with the social and economic situation of a particular group. But the construction of Göbekli Tepe implies organization of an advanced order not hitherto associated with Paleolithic, PPNA, or PPNB societies. Religions of the World Religion Followers Christianity 1.9 billion Islam 1.1 billion Hinduism 781 million Buddhism 324 million Sikhism 19 million Judaism 14 million 8. Religion was an ingenious solution to many of mankind's earliest fears and needs. It depicted religion as evolving with human culture, from primitive polytheism to ethical monotheism. The study of religion is important: religion and similar concepts have often shaped civilizations' law and moral codes, social structure, art and music. The origin of religion and polytheistic systems: Polytheism (a belief in many gods) is thought to have originated with Hinduism in about 2500 BC. Three ways of doing a book like this well would be 1) Document what can be proven historically, 2) Report what each of the religions say about themselves or 3) Some combination of the both. The earliest archeological evidence of religious ideas dates back several hundred thousand years to the Middle and Lower Paleolithic periods. Yet there’s no doubt that during the Greco-Roman era something began working a profound change in how people approached religion. Muhammad believed he was the ultimate prophet of God, and his teachings became the precepts of Islam as recorded in the Qur'an. As with many cultural advancements and inventions, the 'cradle of civilization' Mesopotamia has been cited as the birthplace of religion. Baal controlled the rain and the harvest, while Ashteroth controlled fertility and reproduction. He claims to have had a vision and a series of visitations by the angel Gabriel. How Religion Began: Primitive Man Stumbles Into a Blind Alley The origin of religions and pantheistic systems: Pantheism (a belief that all is God) prevailed in numerous ancient cultures. The ministry of Jesus ended in about 32 AD with His crucifixion and resurrection. Religious persecution and iron-fisted rule by state-affiliated Christianity in Europe began to loosen its hold in the 16th century when, for the sake of debate, Martin Luther nailed his 95 theses on the door of the Castle Church in Wittenburg, Germany. Her primary focus … [17], By 2001 people began to use the internet to discover or adhere to their religious beliefs. But two of the most widely cited ideas have to do with how early humans interacted with … The origin of religion can generally be traced to the ancient Near East and classified in three basic categories: polytheistic, pantheistic and monotheistic. Typically, religions were divided into stages of progression from simple to complex societies, especially from polytheistic to monotheistic and from extempore to organized. The origin of religion and monotheistic systems: Monotheism (a belief in one God) is the foundation of the Judeo-christian-muslim line of religions, which began with a man named Abraham in about 2000 BC. The belief that the universe itself was divine was typified in the Animism beliefs of the African and American Indian cultures, the later Egyptian religion under the Pharoahs, and Buddhism, Confucianism and Taoism in the cultures of the Far East. Religion in Modern Society Memes: Beginning of Religion Our awareness of religion and the spirit world probably began at the time of the Upper Palaeolithic Revolution, about 50,000 years ago. The religion of Islam began in the 7th century when the prophet Muhammad received revelations from God and wrote them down in a book that would come to be called the Qur'an. Along with Roman Catholicism and Eastern Orthodoxy, Protestantism became one of three major forces in Christianity. However this has a lot of problems. Hindu monotheist notions of Brahman likewise reached their classical form with the teaching of Adi Shankara (788-820). The invention of the printing press in the 15th century played a major role in the rapid spread of the Protestant Reformation under leaders such as Martin Luther (1483-1546) and John Calvin (1509-1564). "Everywhere and Nowhere: Recent Trends in American Religious History and Historiography,", This page was last edited on 29 November 2020, at 20:52. She also has special interest in all the religions and how and why they are all important to its followers. In 1823, Smith was visited again, this time by the angel “Moroni,” who informed him of the existence of “golden plates” containing an inscription in “Reformed Egyptian” about the ancient inhabitants of North America… About 600 years later, Muhammad began preaching in Mecca. But when one of the nation's top sociologists produces over 600 pages on the … A small part of the Bible involves the collation of oral texts handed down over the centuries. Began By: Trixia Bardilas But first what is Religion? However, the interpretation of early paleolithic artifacts, with regard to how they relate to religious ideas, remains controversial. In an effort to do this she started writing from her own personal experiences with religion, beliefs and life in a different culture. Examples of Upper Paleolithic remains associated with religious beliefs include the lion man, the Venus figurines, cave paintings from Chauvet Cave and the elaborate ritual burial from Sungir. Atheism is really a modern belief that resulted from the "Enlightenment" period of the 18th century. Generally, polytheistic cultures believed in sacrifices to appease their gods. All Rights Reserved. c. 551 - 479 BC: Time of Confucius, founder of Confucianism. How World Religion. Religion's place in evolution is a provocative topic to begin with. European colonisation during the 15th to 19th centuries resulted in the spread of Christianity in Sub-Saharan Africa, and to the Americas, Australia and the Philippines. One can also classify religions as circumcising and non-circumcising, proselytizing (attempting to convert people of other religion) and non-proselytizing. Origin of Religion - Pantheism There are many theories as to how religious thought originated. The Religionsgeschichtliche Schule emerged at a time when scholarly study of the Bible and of church history flourished in Germany and elsewhere (see higher criticism, also called the historical-critical method). The site, near the home place of original wild wheat, was built before the so-called Neolithic Revolution, i.e., the beginning of agriculture and animal husbandry around 9000 BCE. He began his ministry in AD 610, at the age of 40. We must nurture it and be nurtured by it. Pantheistic beliefs are also finding resurgence among various New Age movements. It would have developed alongside other cultural universals that … The history of the Christian religion and the Christian church began with Jesus and his apostles.Christianity is the religion that is based on the birth, life, death, resurrection and teaching of Jesus Christ. c. 32 AD: The Crucifixion and Resurrection of Jesus Christ. Origin of Religion - Monotheism c. 2 to 4 BC - 32 AD: Time of Jesus Christ, the Messiah and founder of Christianity. Protestantism, movement that began in northern Europe in the early 16th century as a reaction to medieval Roman Catholic doctrines and practices. According to Jaspers, in this era of history "the spiritual foundations of humanity were laid simultaneously and independently... And these are the foundations upon which humanity still subsists today." It also lists those who have founded a specific major denomination within a larger religion. Christianity began in the 1st century AD after Jesus died and resurrected, as a small group of Jewish people in Judea, but quickly spread throughout the Roman empire. The rituals and incantations became sacrifices and prayers, and thus religion began. from the Upper Paleolithic (50,000-13,000 BCE) as representing religious ideas. During the period of the Roman Empire, Jesus Christ was born in Bethlehem as the long-awaited Messiah. Hindu beliefs were recorded in the Bhagavad Gita, which revealed that many gods were subject to a supreme Brahman god. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Although Buddha gave many speeches throughout his life, it was not until several hundred years after his death that Buddhism began to gain a significant following. generally interpret a number of artifacts[which?] This article lists historical figures credited with founding religions or religious philosophies or people who first codified older known religious traditions. [1] The prehistory of religion involves the study of religious beliefs that existed prior to the advent of written records. Other evidence of religious ideas includes symbolic artifacts from Middle Stone Agesites in Africa. Origin of Religion - Ancient Foundations The anthropologist Daniel Dubuisson writes that "what the West and the history of religions in its wake have objectified under the name 'religion' is ... something quite unique, which could be appropriate only to itself and its own history". When these did not work as expected, he then turned to placating and beseeching the help of the supernatural powers, instead of trying to control them. Church histories of the Mormons (the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints) report that their founder, Joseph Smith, Jr., had a vision in 1820. However, there is no scholarly consensus over what precisely constitutes a religion. © 2002-2020 Colonial religious splintering. [7] The history of other cultures' interaction with the "religious" category is therefore their interaction with an idea that first developed in Europe under the influence of Christianity. Religion is now implausible to many, but the needs remain. Following Durkheim, Karl Marx and Max Weber also looked at religion’s role and influence in other social institutions such as economics and politics. We must live in harmony with them, understand them, and learn from them, focusing on the relationship between mankind and the elements of nature. His religion lay at the bottom of religious evolution, whereas Islam and Judaism and Christianity were at the top since they’re monotheistic. Southwest Asia The three religions that began in Southwest Asia are: A. 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For instance, the Canaanites sacrificed to the male god, Baal, and his female counterpart, Ashteroth. Arche… How the Great Religions Began (A Dodd, Mead quality paperback) The 19th century saw a dramatic increase in knowledge about a wide variety of cultures and religions, and also the establishment of economic and social histories of progress. Pre-pottery Neolithic A (PPNA) Göbekli Tepe, the oldest religious site yet discovered anywhere[10] includes circles of erected massive T-shaped stone pillars, the world's oldest known megaliths[11] decorated with abstract, enigmatic pictograms and carved-animal reliefs. Origin of Religion - Important Dates in History: Copyright Origin Catholic religion - How did it begin? c. 2000 BC: Time of Abraham, the patriarch of Israel. The Jewish Scriptures record the journey of the Israelites from slaves in … The Peacemakers’ Prayer O Supreme source of Light, Love, Wisdom and Peace We, People of … In the 19th century researchers proposed various theories regarding the origin of religion, challenging earlier claims of a Christianity-like urreligion. You can click on each religions' link to start reading about it. Writing played a major role in standardizing religious texts regardless of time or location, and making easier the memorization of prayers and divine rules. Archeological evidence from more recent periods is less controversial. It didn't treat any of the religions fairly. Archaeologists take apparent intentional burials of early Homo sapiens from as early as 300,000 years ago as evidence of religious ideas. However, the interpretation of early paleolithic artifacts, with regard to how they relate to religious ideas, remains controversial. "(Re)defining the English Reformation,", Schultz, Kevin M.; Harvey, Paul. The historical roots of Jainism in India date back to the 9th-century BCE with the rise of Parshvanatha and his non-violent philosophy. Religion is an embodied phenomenon because the human religious way of being has evolved for millions of years as the bodies of our ancestors interacted with the other bodies around them. Therefore, nature is also part of god. Many medieval religious movements emphasized mysticism, such as the Cathars and related movements in the West, the Jews in Spain (see Zohar), the Bhakti movement in India and Sufism in Islam. This book proposes how the great religions began. Many religions share common beliefs. c. 570 - 632 AD: Time of Muhammad, who records the Qur'an as the basis of Islam. [9][page needed] All of these theories have since been widely criticized; there is no broad consensus regarding the origin of religion. In January 2000 the website beliefnet was established, and the following year, every month it had over 1.7 million visitors. After Christ's ascension into heaven, the Christian church grew in His name and the New Testament was written. [8][need quotation to verify]. One can also study comparative religious chronology through a timeline of religion. c. 563 - 483 BC: Time of Buddha, founder of Buddhism. Two personages, whom he later identified as G-d the Father and Jesus, appeared and revealed to him that all existing churches were counterfeit. Early theorists Edward Burnett Tylor (1832-1917) and Herbert Spencer (1820-1903) emphasised the concept of animism, while archaeologist John Lubbock (1834-1913) used the term "fetishism". Origin of Major Religions. The 18th century saw the beginning of secularisation in Europe, gaining momentum after the French Revolution of 1789 and following. In Frazer’s words, religion is “a propitiation or conciliation of powers superior to man.” 14. We must be in harmony with nature. These ideas would become institutionalized in time – note for example Ashoka's role in the spread of Buddhism, or the role of platonic philosophy in Christianity at its foundation. This list of twelve world religions is, of course, an oversimplification. [15][16][need quotation to verify]. Surviving early copies of religious texts include: Historians have labelled the period from 900 to 200 BCE as the "axial age", a term coined by German-Swiss philosopher Karl Jaspers (1883-1969). Today, Buddhism is the 4th most practiced religion in the world after Christianity, Islam and Hinduism. Modern academic sociology began with the study of religion in Emile Durkheim’s 1897 The Study of Suicide in which he explored the differing suicide rates among Protestants and Catholics. How Religion Began: Primitive Man Stumbles Into a Blind Alley [McCabe, Joseph, Haldeman-Julius, E.] on The religion was started by Mohammed. Religion is an important part of millions of people's lives across the world. Polytheism was also the religion of many other ancient cultures, including Assyria, Babylonia, Egypt, Greece and Rome. By the late 20th century religion had declined in most of Europe. According to the Catholic tradition, the history of the Catholic Church begins with Jesus Christ and his teachings (c. 4 BC – c. AD 30) (according to Catholicism and not actual historical documentation) and the Catholic Church is a continuation of the early Christian community established by the Disciples of Jesus.