Countries where exported yam can be sold include the … It is not grown much commercially since the flavor of other yams is preferred by most people. [35] The unmodified steroid has estrogenic activity. The cancellation of the 2020 edition of the annual New Yam Festival/IGBO Day in Ghana was announced by HRM Eze Dr. Amb. Ghana: The Crop Trust supported the Plant Genetic Resources Research Institute (PGRRI) to regenerate and characterize 338 yam accessions with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crops. /* unofficial, Yams are consumed in a variety of preparations, such as flour or whole vegetable pieces across their range of distribution in Asia, Africa, North America, Central America, the Caribbean, South America, and Oceania. It is usually steamed and then cooked with spices. Menopause Symptoms. Experimental Agriculture. According to SRID-MoFA (2013), the annual production of yam is estimated at 6.7 million metric tons in Ghana with main harvesting periods starting from August to December. Ghana produces on average eight million tons of yam annually. However, current crop production practices and species used pose considerable hurdles to successful mechanization of yam production, particularly for small-scale rural farmers. Farmers who do not buy new seed yams usually set aside up to 30% of their harvest for planting the next year. With these methods of obtaining seed yam, the System which is confirm mostly to the top 30cm of the soil and these in branched root may extend laterally to a considerable distance, later in the development of the plant a mass of finer branching fibrous root is produced. [29], As a relatively low-protein food, yam is not a good source of essential amino acids. Faced with serious seed yam shortages, some farmers in Southern Kaduna, Nigeria, plant the same sett twice. Some varieties can be eaten raw, while some require soaking or boiling for detoxification before eating. C raw hard red winter wheat Yellow yam and cush-cush yam, by nature, have much shorter dormancy periods than water yam, white yam, or lesser yam. [1] Even in Africa, the popularity of water yam is second only to white yam. Raw forms, however, are not edible and cannot be digested. Among the Akan of Ghana, boiled yam can be mashed with palm oil into eto in a similar manner to the plantain dish matoke, and is served with eggs. Yam from Ghana - Free to use unique search engine of reliable, genuine and verified companies, suppliers, exporters, sellers, manufacturers, factories, traders, tradeleads of products and services from all over the world. The powder is sprinkled onto a pan containing a small amount of boiling water and stirred vigorously. Some yams are also invasive plants, often considered a "noxious weed", outside cultivated areas. In central parts of India, the yam is prepared by being finely sliced, seasoned with spices, and deep fried. Despite the high labor requirements and production costs, consumer demand for yam is high in certain subregions of Africa,[1] making yam cultivation quite profitable to certain farmers. Yam production is also seasonalplot fallow, with the main harvest season occurring from August to December and a lean crop season occurring from May to July. The easier to store yams are those adapted to arid climate, where they tend to stay in a dormant low-respiration stage much longer than yam breeds adapted to humid tropical lands, where they do not need dormancy. You will usually not find too many vendors engaging in the sale of fried yam in the lean season. J. Ihenetu through a press statement issued on September 8, 2020 in Accra. Peel, dice, season, and then cook your yams in a pan. According to a news report by NAN, the Minister who was represented by Mrs Karima Babangida, Director of the Federal Department of Agricultural Extension, said that food security was the most important form of guaranteeing the sovereignty of any state.. F raw green soybeans Harvest season in the Volta Region occurs much earlier than in the Northern Region. It produces tubers, but the bulbils which grow at the base of its leaves are the more important food product. For maximum yield, the yams require a humid tropical environment, with an annual rainfall over 1500 mm distributed uniformly throughout the growing season. Yam is the main staple crop of the Igbos in south eastern Nigeria where for centuries it played a dominant role in both their agricultural and cultural life. Yam crops face pressure from a range of insect pests and fungal and viral diseases, as well as nematode. May have cancer-fighting properties. After harvesting, yams have a resting period for about three to four months throughout the dry season before they make suitable seeds. Many cultivated species of Dioscorea yams are found throughout the humid tropics. D. alata, called "white yam",[1] winged yam, water yam, and purple yam (not to be confused with the Okinawan purple "yam", which is a sweet potato), was first cultivated in Southeast Asia. [1] The tuber may grow into the soil up to 1.5 m (4 ft 11 in) deep. The most common cooking methods in Western and Central Africa are by boiling, frying or roasting.[38]. Modification of current tuber harvesting equipment is necessary given yam tuber architecture and its different physical properties. The New Yam Festival of the Igbo people (Orureshi in the idoma area, Iwa ji, Iri ji or Ike ji, Otute depending on dialect) is an annual cultural festival by the Igbo … Yam production is characterised by clearing of new areas on yearly basis. Chukwudi J. Ihenetu has canceled the 2020 edition of the annual New Yam Festival/IGBO Day in Ghana. This involves mashing the yam and mixing it with coconut milk and sugar. The purple yam, D. alata, is also eaten in India, where it is also called the violet yam. The festival is prominent among southeastern states and major tribes in Benue State, mainly around August. [34] Such preparations were used in early combined oral contraceptive pills. [30][31], Yam is an important dietary element for Nigerian and West African people. Adding different seasonings to your yam … People offer yams to gods and ancestors first, before distributing them to the villagers. The coming of the yams (one of the numerous versions from Maré) is described in Pene Nengone (Loyalty Islands of New Caledonia). Their cultivation and harvesting is accompanied by complex rituals and taboos. Harvesting is typically done manually by using farm tools such as hoes to remove the tuber from the ground. For the sweet potato (, Zulu, D., Ellis, R. and Culham, A. Dioscorea root is traditionally eaten on Māgh Sankrānti (a midwinter festival) in Nepal. [23] Nigeria farmed yams on 5.9 million hectares, 70% of the world land area of 8.6 million hectares devoted to yam farming. it is a great source of Carbohydrate and cooked in different ways:barbecued, roasted, fried, grilled, boiled, baked, smoked and even grated in some dessert recipes. season. ", "Population structure of elephant foot yams (Amorphophallus paeoniifolius (Dennst.) [1] They are native to Africa, Asia, and the Americas. In Pernambuco state, it is usually boiled and served cut in slices at breakfast, along with cheese spread or molasses. Research on propagation of this subspecies to alleviate the threat from wild harvest has been successful[20]. Aerial tubers or bulbils are harvested by manual plucking from the vine. D. esculenta, the lesser yam, was one of the first yam species cultivated. It is widely harvested and eaten in Southern Zambia where it grows in open forest areas. D. polystachya, Chinese yam, is native to China. [28], The protein content and quality of roots and tubers is lower than other food staples, with the content of yam and potato being around 2% on a fresh-weight basis. Yams, with cassava, provide a much greater proportion of the protein intake in Africa, ranging from 5.9% in East and South Africa to about 15.9% in humid West Africa. Add into baked goods. (2020) Propagation of lusala (Dioscorea hirtiflora), a wild yam, for in situ and ex situ conservation and potential domestication. The bitter compounds in yams also known locally as air potato include diosbulbin and possibly saponins, such as diosgenin. In sprouted or cooked form, the relative nutritional and antinutritional contents of each of these staples is remarkably different from that of raw form of these staples. Yam is estimated to occupy about 6.32% of total cropped area of Ghana hence such a land area is deforested and in the long run degraded through yam cultivation each year. Ghana yams are available throughout the year, but the peak period is between August to December. According to a news report by NAN, the Minister who was represented by Mrs Karima Babangida, Director of the Federal Department of Agricultural Extension, said that food security was the most important form of guaranteeing the sovereignty of any state.. J. Ihenetu through a press statement issued on September 8, 2020 in Accra. The king of the Igbo People in Ghana, HRM Eze Dr. Amb. It is also grown in Korea and Japan. Yams in West Africa are typically harvested by hand using sticks, spades, or diggers. Yam cultivars are also cultivated in other humid tropical countries.[1]. The Ghana Yam Producers and Exporters Association was incorporated under the Ghana Company’s Code, 1963 Act 179 on the 2nd of June 1987. Yam production is also seasonalplot fallow, with the main harvest season occurring from August to December and a lean crop season occurring from May to July. The resulting mixture is served with a heated sauce, such as tomato and chili, poured onto it. Yam festivals around Ghana The Fofie Yam Festival takes place every October but celebration of this humble vegetable is commonplace across the whole nation. Planting of the rice crop, to be harvested from September, is underway. Yam hash. that they have also been used for criminal purposes. After a planted seed yam has formed roots, vines, and leaves, the same seed yam is carefully detached and replanted in a new mound. [36], The following table shows the nutrient content of yam and major staple foods in a raw harvested form. The tubers are eaten baked, boiled, or fried much like potatoes. 147 accessions are safety duplicated in the International Institute for Tropical Agriculture (IITA). Some varieties of these tubers can be stored up to six months without refrigeration, which makes them a valuable resource for the yearly period of food scarcity at the beginning of the wet season. The seed yams are perishable and bulky to transport. Mountain yam is eaten raw and grated, after only a relatively minimal preparation: the whole tubers are briefly soaked in a vinegar-water solution to neutralize irritant oxalate crystals found in their skin. Call free: +44 800 689 5241, Fofie Yam Festival: Ghanaian culture and cuisine combine, Our volunteer Nadine taking Spanish Lessons, come, Day Care Center Project in Costa Rica , Projects like Community Educacion and Day Care Cen, Sports education one of the favorite projects, Our volunteers get to know the local food, in this, Special needs project is about helping in the cook, This error message is only visible to WordPress admins, 1755 Robson St #1027, Vancouver, BC, V6G 3B7, Canada. Y raw yam It is best taken with hot pepper or boiled beans. Dioscorea hirtiflora subsp. A murder suspect, Ayo Lawal, who killed a motorcyclist in Ekiti State has revealed he committed the nefarious crime to raise money to purchase yam tubers for the 2020l2021 planting season. E raw cassava Harvesting the tuber then involves the additional step of freeing them from other roots. Certain cultivars of yams store better than others. Yam is the common name for some plant species in the genus Dioscorea (family Dioscoreaceae) that form edible tubers. It looks similar to the white yam in outer appearance; its tuber skin is usually a bit firmer and less extensively grooved. Small-scale farmers in West and Central Africa often intercrop yams with cereals and vegetables. It is also practised in Nigeria by the Igbo community and other West African countries. It symbolises the end of harvesting and the beginning of a new season or the next cycle of work. It is also used as a popular ingredient for ice cream. Yields may improve and cost of yam production be lower if mechanization were to be developed and adopted. [1], Yams of African species must be cooked to be safely eaten, because various natural substances in yams can cause illness if consumed raw. It is available all year round, unlike other, unreliable, seasonal crops. “Ghana is a famous country for exportation of the commodity, but most of the yam they export is from us. Ghana’s export of the commodity ranks sixth in the world, representing 10.3% of world exports in 2016. [43] Bitter yams are not normally eaten except at times of desperation in poor countries and in times of local food scarcity. [1] The tubers themselves, also called "yams", come in a variety of forms owing to numerous cultivars and related species. [15], They are large plants; the vines can be as long as 10 to 12 m (33 to 39 ft). After a planted seed yam has formed roots, vines, and leaves, the same seed yam is carefully detached and replanted in a new mound. This article is about the large tuberous starchy root eaten as a staple food. [1], The name "yam" appears to derive from Portuguese inhame or Canarian (Spain) ñame, which derived from West African languages during trade. Yam powder is available in the West from grocers specializing in African products, and may be used in a similar manner to instant mashed potato powder, although preparation is a little more difficult because of the tendency of the yam powder to form lumps. In Vietnam, the same purple yam is used for preparing a special type of soup canh khoai mỡ or fatty yam soup. Yam is held at the end of the rainy season around August. Ghana: The Crop Trust supported the Plant Genetic Resources Research Institute (PGRRI) to regenerate and characterize 338 yam accessions with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crops. An exception to the cooking rule is the mountain yam (Dioscorea polystachya), known as nagaimo and can be further classified into ichōimo (lit. Chukwudi J. Ihenetu has announced the cancellation of COVID-19: Eze Igbo Ghana, Eze Ihenetu cancels Igbo Day/New Yam festival – … Some farmers use staking and mixed cropping, a practice that complicates harvesting in some cases. H raw sorghum Harvest season in the Volta Region occurs much earlier than in the Northern Region. Use bamboo canes as support for these yam vines, which can grow up to 10 ft. [10] X Research source Yam is a leading agricultural export commodity for Ghana. In the southern state of Tamilnadu, the vegetable is a popular accompaniment to rice dishes and fish curry. Amongst the major roots and tubers, properly stored yam is considered to be the least perishable. The king of the Igbo People in Ghana, HRM Eze Dr. Amb. I love it too. White yam tuber is roughly cylindrical in shape, the skin is smooth and brown, and the flesh is usually white and firm. Yams provide several antioxidants that may have anticancer … They are usually detoxified by soaking in a vessel of salt water, in cold or hot fresh water or in a stream. It is also practised in Nigeria by the Igbo community and other West African countries. The duration and exact days of the celebration vary according to place, but, regardless of the manifestation, the festival is held in hopes of averting famine in the coming year. In Okinawa, purple yams (Dioscorea alata) are grown. Experts emphasize the need to supplement a yam-dominant diet with more protein-rich foods to support healthy growth in children. These must be sprouted, or prepared and cooked for human consumption. [27] But raw yam has the highest potassium levels amongst the 10 major staple foods of the world (see nutritional chart). However, it is popular in home vegetable gardens because it produces a crop after only four months of growth and continues producing for the life of the vine, as long as two years. [21] Wood-based tools are preferred to metallic tools as they are less likely to damage the fragile tubers; however, wood tools need frequent replacement. In fact, exportation of yam is an untapped area in Nigeria’s agricultural sector, leaving Ghana as the major exporter of yam in West Africa. In the Philippines, the purple ube species of yam (Dioscorea alata), is eaten as a sweetened dessert called ube halaya, and is also used as an ingredient in another Filipino dessert, halo-halo. After 7 to 12 months' growth, the tubers are harvested. The king of the Igbo People in Ghana, HRM Eze Dr. Amb. This involves mashing the yam and cooking it until very well done. They are the most important cultivated yams. Every tribe and region consume yam and they can be used for porridge, boiled, roasted, fried, flour production etc, The flour can be used in baking snacks such as chin chin, meat pie, peanut burger etc. In this regard, he stated that the ministry would continue to promote yam production, as out of over 28 crops being promoted in the … [citation needed][26], Raw yam has only moderate nutrient density, with appreciable content (10% or more of the Daily Value, DV) limited to potassium, vitamin B6, manganese, thiamin, dietary fiber, and vitamin C (table). The main exportable varieties […] Z raw plantains In the past, they were considered as two separate species, but most taxonomists now regard them as the same species. In Africa, most are pounded into a paste to make the traditional dish of "pounded yam", known as Iyan.[16]. Just like cassava, yam cultivation in Ghana is mainly done by smallholder farmers using rudimentary hand tools making cultivation and harvesting much more labor intensive. They are about the size of potatoes (hence the name "air potato"), weighing from 0.5 to 2.0 kg (1 lb 2 oz to 4 lb 7 oz). It is a large vine, 6 m (20 ft) or more in length. The powder can be mixed with boiling water to create a thick starchy paste, a kind of pudding known as amala, which is then eaten with local soups and sauces. [33] The extracted diosgenin is used for the commercial synthesis of cortisone, pregnenolone, progesterone, and other steroid products. Yam is best planted within the months of February and April when the rainy season is just beginning. [13], Non-Dioscorea tubers that were historically important in Africa include Plectranthus rotundifolius (the Hausa potato) and Plectranthus esculentus (the Livingstone potato); these two tuber crops have now been largely displaced by the introduction of cassava.[14]. Dioscorea japonica is used for food. Is their way of giving thanks to the wet season and the manufacture of bioplastics the bush been... Central Africa often intercrop yams with cereals and vegetables it with coconut milk sugar! Chukwudi J. Ihenetu has canceled the 2020 edition of the Igbo people in Ghana was announced HRM... A `` noxious weed '', outside cultivated areas fatty yam soup can also exported! Where it grows in open forest areas a small amount of boiling water and stirred.. Cancels Igbo Day/New yam festival – the main derivations borrow from verbs meaning `` to eat '' pedicellata,,... Year, but most taxonomists now regard them as the `` meat '' separate species, but most taxonomists regard! J. 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Low volume of production 30 ] [ 4 ], as well as nematode engaging... And yellow yams Dioscoreaceae ) that form edible tubers raw, while some require soaking or boiling detoxification. The first yam species cultivated to white yam, is underway potato used! From wild harvest has been successful [ 20 ] grilled or boiled beans the period. Insect pests and fungal and viral diseases, as a relatively low-protein food, yam is attractive... A raw harvested form crop in poor farms with limited resources bulbils are harvested diosbulbin...